Accounting & Audit

Audit is an evaluation of the effectiveness of the systems of the operations. Audit value is optimal when integrity and transparency is the culture. Effective audit usually contribute to a sustainable value and growth. Objectivity of audit leads to the efficiency of the operations. Business requires sound internal control to formulate supervision and monitoring, prevent and detect irregular transactions, measure ongoing performance, maintain adequate business records and to promote operational productivity. An audit significantly diminishes the risk of weakening misstatements in a company’s records and reports along with preventing the fraudulent activities. We ensure active and diligent audit on the basis of international standards and GAAPs. Audit gives true and fair view of company’s stance that can lead your way to promising view to the stakeholders and in the market place.

Legal

A business needs to focus on its core activities to strive through and achieve a certain level of success. We at PROTAX CONSULTANTS help businesses to achieve the success by taking over the insignificant but important activities such as Bookkeeping for your business. A business needs to focus on its core activities to strive through and achieve a certain level of success.

Taxation

In This World nothing can be said to be certain Except DEATH and TAXES

Benjamin Franklin

Pakistan has one of the most Complex system of taxes in the World. However at the same time it has one of the lowest compliance rates as well. Currently the number of taxpayer in the country having a population of around 200m is only around One million.

At the broader level there are two types of tax systems prevailing within the Country:

  • Direct Taxes
  • Indirect Taxes

Direct Taxes

A tax, such as income tax, which is levied on the income or profits of the person who pays it, rather than on goods or services, besides it is directly paid to the government and not to someone else.

Types of Direct Taxes

Income tax

Income Tax is payable by every individual, association of persons, firm and company on the Income / Profits and Gains accumulated over the year.

Capital Value Tax

Capital Value Tax is payable by every individual, association of persons, firm and company, not born on the National Tax Register. Currently CVT is payable with different rates on immovable commercial and non commercial property, residential flats, and purchase of shares of stock exchange.

Workers Welfare Tax

It is charged at 2% on the manufacturers having income of Rs 100,000 and above. Employees Old Age Benefit Scheme is financed through this fund.

Worker Profit Participation Fund

This tax is paid by the industrial undertaking having more than 10 workers at 5% of their profits for distribution amongst workers. Any leftover amount after distribution amongst the workers is deposited with the government to become part of the WWF.

Indirect Taxes

A tax, such as Sales Tax / VAT levied on goods and services rather than on income or profits.

Types of Indirect Taxes

Sales Tax

Sales tax is liable on sales of all goods and services produced in the country excluding those goods exempted in the Sales Tax Act, 1990. The standard rate of Sales Tax in Pakistan is currently 17% with certain goods being taxed at a higher rate and some at a reduced rate.

Federal Excise Duty

Federal Excise Duties are levied on domestic production, imports and services rendered in the country. The major excisable commodities include cigarettes, cement, beverages, natural gas and POL products, whereas excisable services are; Air Travel, Insurance, Non-Fund Services provided by banking or non-bank financial companies and Franchise services. The old Central Excises Act, 1944 was replaced by The Federal Excise Act, 2005, with effect from 1st July, 2005. As part of budgetary measures for the year 2007-08.

Custom Duty

Customs duties are levied through Customs Act, 1969 on goods imported into Pakistan. The collection of custom duties is important as it also contributes in the base calculation of other taxes like sales tax on imports and withholding tax.

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Provincial Taxes

  • Sales Tax on Services
  • Property Tax
  • Excise Duties
  • Stamp Duties
  • Motor Vehicle Taxes

The standard Lorem Ipsum8

The standard Lorem Ipsum passage, used since the 1500s

“Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.”

Section 1.10.32 of “de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum”, written by Cicero in 45 BC

“Sed ut perspiciatis unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam, eaque ipsa quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem quia voluptas sit aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt. Neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur?”

1914 translation by H. Rackham

“But I must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness. No one rejects, dislikes, or avoids pleasure itself, because it is pleasure, but because those who do not know how to pursue pleasure rationally encounter consequences that are extremely painful. Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure?”

The standard Lorem Ipsum7

The standard Lorem Ipsum passage, used since the 1500s

“Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.”

Section 1.10.32 of “de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum”, written by Cicero in 45 BC

“Sed ut perspiciatis unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam, eaque ipsa quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem quia voluptas sit aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt. Neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur?”

1914 translation by H. Rackham

“But I must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness. No one rejects, dislikes, or avoids pleasure itself, because it is pleasure, but because those who do not know how to pursue pleasure rationally encounter consequences that are extremely painful. Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure?”

The standard Lorem Ipsum6

The standard Lorem Ipsum passage, used since the 1500s

“Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.”

Section 1.10.32 of “de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum”, written by Cicero in 45 BC

“Sed ut perspiciatis unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam, eaque ipsa quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem quia voluptas sit aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt. Neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur?”

1914 translation by H. Rackham

“But I must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness. No one rejects, dislikes, or avoids pleasure itself, because it is pleasure, but because those who do not know how to pursue pleasure rationally encounter consequences that are extremely painful. Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure?”